Points to consider when determining whether a study meets ethical standards include:


1. Research Plan
a.When planning the research, the researcher must carefully evaluate the potential scientific contribution of the research against the risk of violating the rights of the human subjects participating in the study. The researcher must assign appropriate weight to the humane considerations when making this evaluation, estimating the foreseeable risks (including risk of physical or emotional injury or harm to reputation or to self esteem) cautiously.
b.The research plan must take fully into account respect of the human subjects' privacy; their identities are not to be revealed under any circumstances without their explicit consent.
c.The research plan must include a protocol detailing research goals, experimental design and detailed clarification of expected risks or other ethics-related problems, if any, and how the researcher will deal with them.
d.If, during the course of the research, participants sustain unforeseen injury of any sort, the researcher must immediately act to eliminate the hazard, including terminating the research if necessary, and inform the HSC of the adverse event.
2. Subject Population
a.The researcher must define the subject population and its characteristics.
b.If the research involves a sensitive population, the researcher will explain the rationale for using this population and will detail the problems unique to this population that could surface during the research and how they will be dealt with.
3. The informed consent statement must include:
a.An explanation of the purpose of the research, the expected duration of participation, and a description of the procedures to be followed including the recording of voices and images as part of the research.
b.A description of any reasonably foreseeable risks or discomfort to the subjects.
c.Any benefits to the participants or to others which may be expected from the research.
d.An explicit statement reminding participants of their right to decline to participate and to withdraw from the research once participation has begun.
e.The possible consequences of declining or withdrawing.
f.Steps taken to insure confidentiality of the subjects and the limits of confidentiality.
g.Incentives for participation.
h.Whom to contact for questions about the research and research participants’ rights.
The informed consent statement must be written in plain language that participants can understand. For persons who are incapable of giving informed consent, such as children or those with mental disabilities, the informed consent must be signed by a legal guardian. In addition, the person who is the focus of the research should be provided with an explanation appropriate to his/her level of understanding and his/her assent obtained. For research with minors, all legal guardians must sign the consent form (i.e., both parents).
4. Withdrawal from the Research
It is important to note that the subject has the right withdraw from the research at any time. It is the researcher's responsibility to protect that right vigilantly.
a.No pressure, direct or indirect, is to be placed upon the subject to participate in or to continue with the research.
b.The researcher must exercise extreme caution, especially in situations where the subject is in a vulnerable position vis-à-vis the researcher.
5. Furnishing Explanation and Results
After the research is completed, the researcher will determine whether and how to furnish the participants with the research results.
a.The decision rests with the researcher whether to release the individual participant's results to the participant.
b.In cases where the significance or implication of the results would not be clear to the recipient, the researcher should avoid releasing individual results.
6. Safeguarding Personal Information
a.The researcher and all personnel connected with the research in any way will not use or release identifying details of the participants except for approved research goals.
b.The researcher will inform the participants that all personal information will be kept confidential and will elaborate on the method of ensuring said confidentiality.
7. Research that does not require human subjects’ ethics committee approval
Approval by the ethics committee is not required for:
a.The study of normal educational practices, curricula, or classroom management methods conducted in educational settings for which there is no risk to participants' employability, and confidentiality is protected.
b.Anonymous questionnaires, naturalistic observations, or archival research for which disclosure of responses would not place participants at risk of criminal or civil liability or damage their financial standing, employability, or reputation, and confidentiality is protected.
c.The study of factors related to job or organization effectiveness conducted in organizational settings for which there is no risk to participants' employability, and confidentiality is protected.

The above guidelines are based on those of the U.S. Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) and the American Psychological Association. These guidelines are consistent with ethical guidelines of other universities in Israel.